The province of Canakkale, which straddles the Dardanelles strait in
northwest Turkey, is a area rich in legend and fantasy. According to one
of these myths, the strait linking the Aegean and Marmara seas was
created by the sea god Poseidon, who break up the land apart, allowing
the waters to hurry by way of.
The city of Canakkale on the south
financial institution was referred to as Dardanos or Dardania by the
Hellens after its legendary founder Dardanos, the son of Zeus and
Electra, and his grandson Ilos based the well-known city of Troy 30
kilometers to the south.
The Canakkale Strait, as it's known at
present, rivals the Bosphorus Strait by way of significant occasions in
historical past, which it has witnessed. For instance, the Macedonian
king Alexander the Great crossed the strait on his method eastwards in
334 BC. In 1353 AD, Sultan Orhan Gazi crossed in the other course in the
midst of expanding the young Ottoman Empire.
instances Canakkale was known as Kale-i Sultaniye or Sultaniye Castle,
after the valide sultan (sultan mom). He founded the city based on the
famous 17th-century Ottoman writer Evliya Celebi. The citadel was built
during the reign of Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Istanbul in the
mid-fifteenth century. Evliya Celebi additionally tells us that the twin
castle on the north facet of the strait was built in the course of the
reign of Mehmed IV within the second half of the 17th century and
referred to as Kale-i Hakaniye or Imperial Castle. Evliya Celebi
describes Canakkale as having such fantastic air and water that its
inhabitants have been usually of nice magnificence, and the lads 'as
burly as Algerian mariners'. He says that the city had many orchards and
gardens and was well-known for its grapes, grape juice, wine, pickles
grapes, grape molasses, and meatballs. We must add that Canakkale is
also renowned for its wind, which attracts massive numbers of
windsurfers to the Aegean coast of the province all through the summer
Canakkale is inextricably associated with two wars. The
first was the legendary Trojan War, which occurred round 1200 BC, and
the second the Gallipoli Campaign, which took place here 3115 years
later. The Battle of Conkbayiri and Colonel Mustafa Kemal, as Ataturk
was then, come to mind in connection with the latter. The folksong,
which begins, 'The Aynali Bazaar in Canakkale / Mother I am off to fight
the enemy,' is a reminiscence of those unhappy times.
The Canakkale Campaign Museum
within the fort, the citadel mosque, Canakkale Clock Tower, Yali Han,
and Fatih Mosque are the town's principal sights. Traveling southwards
out of town, bear in mind to cease at Intepe. From this point, there's a
spectacular view over the strait, the Aegean, and the Gallipoli
Peninsula on the alternative shore. Here historical past and nature are
entwined, the imposing Canakkale War Memorial rising from the Cape of
Hisarlik on the southern extremity of the peninsula. In autumn, the
vista is extremely lovely, when the azure waters of the strait are
framed by the steep wooded shores of green pines and the blazing reds
and yellows of the deciduous timber.
Continuing previous Troy,
you come to a signpost indicating the best way to the island of Bozcaada
and the ancient city of Alexandreia Troas, which was founded in 310 BC.
Taking this street by way of pine woods and past villages convey you to
Geyikli, the place automobile ferries make common journeys to the
island, a journey of 25 minutes.
The traditional Ayazma Festival
in celebration of the grape harvest takes place here yearly between 26
and 29 July. From the north shore of Bozcaada could be seen Turkey's
largest island, Gokceada (Imroz), to which there's a daily ferryboat
service from Canakkale. South of Alexandria Troas, known to native
people as Eski Istanbul Ici, is the Smintheion Sanctuary, whose Temple
of Apollo is among the three most luxurious temples in Turkey.
south is Turkey's westernmost level, near the village of Babakale at
the mouth of the Gulf of Edremit. To travel along the gulf, you should
take the primary road which crosses inland and brings you again to the
coast on the ancient metropolis of Assos, where the little city of
Behramkale lies on a steep hill, at the top of that are the luxurious
ruins of the Temple of Athena.
From this vantage point, the
Aegean stretches to the south and west, to the east is the broad arc of
Kadirga Bay, and to the north, a luxurious green valley. When you look
straight down from the temple to the seashore, you'll be able to discern
the marbles of the sunken harbor shimmering greenish-blue beneath the
Kaz Dagi, the ancient Mount Ida, which rises to the north
of Edremit, was the place the world's first beauty contest occurred in
accordance with one of the many myths and legends associated with the
mountain. Inland between Assos and Canakkale lie the towns of Ezine,
Bayramic, and Ayvacik, where local girls from the previously nomadic
Yoruk tribes of this area sell kilims.
Other places value
visiting in the province are the town of Lapseki on the northwest mouth
of the strait, Biga on the Marmara Sea, Can with its coal mines and
ceramics factory, Yenice simply east of Can based by the Kizil Keceli
clan, and Bolayir, the place the tombs of Gazi Suleyman Pasa and the
poet Namik Kemal are situated.
On the north shore of the strait
are Eceabat, site of Kilitbahir Castle, and Gelibolu, famend for its
sardines and beautiful surroundings.
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