A Province on Two Seas Canakkale
2021.01.20 19:47
작성자 : Anjali    조회 : 58  

The province of Canakkale, which straddles the Dardanelles strait in northwest Turkey, is a area rich in legend and fantasy. According to one of these myths, the strait linking the Aegean and Marmara seas was created by the sea god Poseidon, who break up the land apart, allowing the waters to hurry by way of.

The city of Canakkale on the south financial institution was referred to as Dardanos or Dardania by the Hellens after its legendary founder Dardanos, the son of Zeus and Electra, and his grandson Ilos based the well-known city of Troy 30 kilometers to the south.

The Canakkale Strait, as it's known at present, rivals the Bosphorus Strait by way of significant occasions in historical past, which it has witnessed. For instance, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great crossed the strait on his method eastwards in 334 BC. In 1353 AD, Sultan Orhan Gazi crossed in the other course in the midst of expanding the young Ottoman Empire.

In Ottoman instances Canakkale was known as Kale-i Sultaniye or Sultaniye Castle, after the valide sultan (sultan mom). He founded the city based on the famous 17th-century Ottoman writer Evliya Celebi. The citadel was built during the reign of Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Istanbul in the mid-fifteenth century. Evliya Celebi additionally tells us that the twin castle on the north facet of the strait was built in the course of the reign of Mehmed IV within the second half of the 17th century and referred to as Kale-i Hakaniye or Imperial Castle. Evliya Celebi describes Canakkale as having such fantastic air and water that its inhabitants have been usually of nice magnificence, and the lads 'as burly as Algerian mariners'. He says that the city had many orchards and gardens and was well-known for its grapes, grape juice, wine, pickles grapes, grape molasses, and meatballs. We must add that Canakkale is also renowned for its wind, which attracts massive numbers of windsurfers to the Aegean coast of the province all through the summer months.

Canakkale is inextricably associated with two wars. The first was the legendary Trojan War, which occurred round 1200 BC, and the second the Gallipoli Campaign, which took place here 3115 years later. The Battle of Conkbayiri and Colonel Mustafa Kemal, as Ataturk was then, come to mind in connection with the latter. The folksong, which begins, 'The Aynali Bazaar in Canakkale / Mother I am off to fight the enemy,' is a reminiscence of those unhappy times.

The Canakkale Campaign Museum within the fort, the citadel mosque, Canakkale Clock Tower, Yali Han, and Fatih Mosque are the town's principal sights. Traveling southwards out of town, bear in mind to cease at Intepe. From this point, there's a spectacular view over the strait, the Aegean, and the Gallipoli Peninsula on the alternative shore. Here historical past and nature are entwined, the imposing Canakkale War Memorial rising from the Cape of Hisarlik on the southern extremity of the peninsula. In autumn, the vista is extremely lovely, when the azure waters of the strait are framed by the steep wooded shores of green pines and the blazing reds and yellows of the deciduous timber.

Continuing previous Troy, you come to a signpost indicating the best way to the island of Bozcaada and the ancient city of Alexandreia Troas, which was founded in 310 BC. Taking this street by way of pine woods and past villages convey you to Geyikli, the place automobile ferries make common journeys to the island, a journey of 25 minutes.

The traditional Ayazma Festival  in celebration of the grape harvest takes place here yearly between 26 and 29 July. From the north shore of Bozcaada could be seen Turkey's largest island, Gokceada (Imroz), to which there's a daily ferryboat service from Canakkale. South of Alexandria Troas, known to native people as Eski Istanbul Ici, is the Smintheion Sanctuary, whose Temple of Apollo is among the three most luxurious temples in Turkey.

Further south is Turkey's westernmost level, near the village of Babakale at the mouth of the Gulf of Edremit. To travel along the gulf, you should take the primary road which crosses inland and brings you again to the coast on the ancient metropolis of Assos, where the little city of Behramkale lies on a steep hill, at the top of that are the luxurious ruins of the Temple of Athena.

From this vantage point, the Aegean stretches to the south and west, to the east is the broad arc of Kadirga Bay, and to the north, a luxurious green valley. When you look straight down from the temple to the seashore, you'll be able to discern the marbles of the sunken harbor shimmering greenish-blue beneath the water.

Kaz Dagi, the ancient Mount Ida, which rises to the north of Edremit, was the place the world's first beauty contest occurred in accordance with one of the many myths and legends associated with the mountain. Inland between Assos and Canakkale lie the towns of Ezine, Bayramic, and Ayvacik, where local girls from the previously nomadic Yoruk tribes of this area sell kilims.

Other places value visiting in the province are the town of Lapseki on the northwest mouth of the strait, Biga on the Marmara Sea, Can with its coal mines and ceramics factory, Yenice simply east of Can based by the Kizil Keceli clan, and Bolayir, the place the tombs of Gazi Suleyman Pasa and the poet Namik Kemal are situated.

On the north shore of the strait are Eceabat, site of Kilitbahir Castle, and Gelibolu, famend for its sardines and beautiful surroundings.
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